Vitamin B12?

B12 is an essential vitamin that is important for many bodily functions, including:
• memory, learning and concentration
• healthy digestion, including protein digestion
• absorption of food
• regulation and building of red blood cells
• fats and carbohydrate metabolism
• iron absorption
• development and protection of nerve cells
• DNA production and more

Do I need Vitamin B12?
Yes. B12 deficiency can lead to:
• anaemia
• chronic fatigue
• moodiness
• digestive disorders
• headaches, drowsiness, and/or hallucinations
• vertigo, constipation
• memory loss
• poor concentration
• tinnitus
• neurological changes including spinal cord degeneration
• liver issues and more

Where do we get B12 from?
It is a common myth that animal products are the sole provider of B12. B12 is not made by animals or plants, it is made by bacteria. Animals eat grass which used to have B12 containing dirt stuck to it, and drink from natural springs or bore water which also contained B12.

B12 accumulates in the tissues of animals and is passed on to humans who eat animal products. Because of our modern-day water sanitation, agricultural practices and use of pesticides and chemicals, many animals have limited opportunity to consume B12. This means cattle and livestock are generally B12 deficient, meaning that B12 is not passed on to humans.

Should I take B12 Supplements?
B12 is one of the only nutrients that cannot be obtained from whole foods, plant-based diets or any other diet.
It is recommended that people on a plant-based diet and those who eat meat have a high quality and easily absorbable B12 supplement.

Because B12 deficiency is linked to compromised digestion, a B12 oral supplement will be hard to absorb. Therefore the best method of absorption is by using a B12 nasal spray or sublingual tablet. If your B12 levels are very low, you can ask your GP about intramuscular injections.